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    Rainfed Area Development

    Integrated Farming System

    Horticulture Based farming system
    Tree/SilviPastural/insitu/ex-situ conservation of Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP)
    Livestock based farming system
    Fishery based farming system

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    Rainfed Area Development

    Value Addition and Resource Conservation

    Apiculture (Bee Keeping)
    Silage making
    Green house
    Water Harvesting and Management

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    Rainfed Area Development

    Scheme Under NMSA

    National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture(NMSA)

National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

Sustaining agricultural productivity depends on quality and availability of natural resources like soil and water. Agricultural growth can be sustained by promoting conservation and sustainable use of these scarce natural resources through appropriate location specific measures. Indian agriculture remains predominantly rainfed covering about 60% of the country’s net sown area and accounts for 40% of the total food production. Thus, conservation of natural resources in conjunction with development of rainfed agriculture holds the key to meet burgeoning demands for food grain in the country. Towards this end, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.

NMSA derives its mandate from Sustainable Agriculture Mission which is one of the eight Missions outlined under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The strategies and programmers of actions (POA) outlined in the Mission Document, that was accorded ‘in principle’ approval by Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change (PMCCC) on 23.09.2010,aim at promoting sustainable agriculture through a series of adaptation measures focusing on ten key dimensions encompassing Indian agriculture namely; ‘Improved crop seeds, livestock and fish cultures’, ‘Water Use Efficiency’, ‘Pest Management’, ‘Improved Farm Practices’, ‘Nutrient Management’, ‘Agricultural insurance’, ‘Credit support’, ‘Markets’, ‘Access to Information’ and ‘Livelihood diversification’. During XII Five Year Plan, these measures are being embedded and mainstreamed onto ongoing/proposed Missions/ programmes / Schemes of Dept. of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC&FW) through a process of restructuring and convergence. NMSA architecture has been designed by converging, consolidating and subsuming all ongoing as well as newly proposed activities/programmes related to sustainable agriculture with a special emphasis on soil & water conservation, water use efficiency, soil health management and rainfed area development. The focus of NMSA will be to infuse the judicious utilization of resources of commons through community based approach.

NMSA will cater to key dimensions of ‘Water use efficiency’, ‘Nutrient Management’ and ‘Livelihood diversification’ through adoption of sustainable development pathway by progressively shifting to environmental friendly technologies, adoption of energy efficient equipments, conservation of natural resources, integrated farming, etc. Besides, NMSA aims at promoting location specific improved agronomic practices through soil health management, enhanced water use efficiency, judicious use of chemicals, crop diversification, progressive adoption of crop-livestock farming systems and integrated approaches like crop-sericulture, agro-forestry, fish farming, etc.

Mission Objectives

  1. To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative and climate resilient by promoting location specific Integrated/Composite Farming Systems;
  2. To conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures;
  3. To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices based on soil fertility maps, soil test based application of macro & micro nutrients, judicious use of fertilizers etc.;
  4. To optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving ‘more crop per drop’;
  5. To develop capacity of farmers & stakeholders, in conjunction with other on-going Missions e.g. National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology, National Food Security Mission, National Initiative for Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) etc., in the domain of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures;
  6. To pilot models in select blocks for improving productivity of rainfed farming by mainstreaming rainfed technologies refined through NICRA and by leveraging resources from other schemes/Missions like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), RKVY etc.;
  7. To establish an effective inter and intra Departmental/Ministerial co-ordination for accomplishing key deliverables of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture under the aegis of NAPCC.


To achieve objectives, NMSA have the following multi-pronged strategy
  1. Promoting integrated farming system covering crops, livestock & fishery, plantation and pasture based composite farming for enhancing livelihood opportunities, ensuring food security and minimizing risks from crop failure through supplementary/ residual production systems;
  2. Popularizing resource conservation technologies (both on-farm and off-farm) and introducing practices that will support mitigation efforts in times of extreme climatic events or disasters like prolonged dry spells, floods etc.
  3. Promoting effective management of available water resources and enhancing water use efficiency through application of technologies coupled with demand and supply side management solutions;
  4. Encouraging improved agronomic practices for higher farm productivity, improved soil treatment, increased water holding capacity, judicious use of chemicals/ energy and enhanced soil carbon storage;
  5. Creating database on soil resources through land use survey, soil profile study and soil analysis on GIS platform to facilitate adoption of location and soil-specific crop management practices& optimize fertilizer use;
  6. Promoting location and crop specific integrated nutrient management practices for improving soil health, enhancing crop productivity and maintaining quality of land and water resources;
  7. Involving knowledge institutions and professionals in developing climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies for specific agro climatic situations and promoting them through appropriate farming systems.
  8. Programmatic interventions as per land capability and conducive to climatic parameters in select blocks as pilots for ensuring integrated development through dissemination and adoption of rainfed technologies with greater reach in disadvantaged areas & location specific planning by way of coordination, convergence and leveraging investments from other Schemes/Missions like MGNREGS, IWMP, RKVY, National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Mission for Agricultural Extension & Technology (NMAE&T) etc. A consortium approach may be evolved with various stake holders including knowledge partners like State Agricultural Universities (SAUs), Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Centres, professional organisations etc. by the State Government to provide single window service/ knowledge provider system for the benefit of farming community.
  9. State Government may engage reputed NGOs for implementation of cluster/village development plan in case of limited govt. infrastructure is available in that area through a transparent system of selection and defined process of supervision and monitoring through a line department.Strong technical monitoring and feedback systems on climate change mitigation and adaptation issues to the National Advisory council for regular updates on technical feasibility of various components and their effectiveness in bringing about the climate resilience. The experts of central institutes and state agricultural universities would be part of such technical monitoring/feedback. The capacity building of the implementing agencies would be steered by MANAGE.
  10. Establishing platform to liaison, review and coordinate implementation of interventions outlined in Mission Document of NMSA under aegis of National Action Plan on Climate Change.


Mission Structure

What's New

  • 30 January 2018
    Impact Evaluation Study of RAD of NMSA
  • 12 July 2017
  • 12 July 2017
    PFMS - State Project Management Unit User Guide
  • 12 July 2017
    MIS for implementation of RAD component of NMSA
  • 24 May 2017
    Video testimonial under RAD component of NMSA
  • 22 May 2017
    Engagement of Consultants under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture(NMSA)
  • 25 April 2017
    Gazette DBT Notification
  • 25 April 2017
    Revalidation of unpsent balances out of Grants-in-Aid released during 2016-17 and accrued interest thereon for implementation of SubMission on Agroforestry (SMAF)
  • 24 April 2017
    Revalidation of unspent funds out of grant-in-aid released in previous financial year and accrued interest thereon for implementation of Rainfed Area Development (RAD) component of NMSA during FY 2017-18
  • 03 April 2017
    Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)2 Vision 2030
  • 08 Mar 2017
    Meeting to review the progress of 2016-17 and to discuss tentative allocation for 2017-18 to implement RAD component of NMSA
  • 08 Dec 2016
    Inclusion of intervention of Shade Net House under Rainfed Area Development (RAD) of NMSA
  • 23 Feb 2016
    Government has approved the implementation of "Sub-Mission on Agroforestry" under the ambit of NMSA from the current financial year (2016-17) and Guidelines have been issued.
  • 24 April 2015
    Administrative approval for implementation of RAD component under NMSA for the year 2015-16